What Is Ulcerative Colitis?
Ulcerative Colitis is an inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane covering the inside of the rectum (proctite) or of the whole colon – ulcerative colitis. Its cause is unknown.
What Are The Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis?
The most frequent symptom is dark anal bleeding, mixed with mucus, alongside the diarrheic stool (10-20 stools per day).
The diagnosis is very important, as the symptoms may be mistaken for the haemorrhoidal disease. A rectosigmoidoscopy with biopsy helps set the diagnosis.
How Is Colitis Treated?
A large variety of drugs are available:
- ablets, suppositories, special animas, administered by the gastroenterologist;
- in advanced stages, the surgical resection of the affected colon segment may also be considered, because the disease may be associated to severe complications, including perforation with secondary peritonitis.