Hypertension continues to be a major public health problem, as it affects a quarter of the adult population in developed countries. There is a direct relation between hypertension and the risk of developing the cardiovascular disease (ischemic cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction), as well as
the cerebrovascular disease (stroke). The anti-hypertension treatment has been shown to reduce the myocardial infarction risk by
Cervical cytology has become a screening method globally used to identify asymptomatic risk patients, in a stage of the disease when efficient intervention is possible. The investigation may not be used as a final means of diagnosis, but it must be confirmed through histopathological diagnosis (a biopsy in the affected area).
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that is found in the stomach and duodenum mucosa. It is spiral-shaped, which is why it is able to survive in strongly acid environments. After being ingested, the bacteria penetrates in the stomach mucosa and starts secreting ureases. Due to this enzyme, it is able to survive in the acid environment, producing ammonia through the hydrolysis of urea.