Internal Medicine Articles

Hypertension, The First Warning Sign

Hypertension continues to be a major public health problem, as it affects a quarter of the adult population in developed countries. There is a direct relation between hypertension and the risk of developing the cardiovascular disease (ischemic cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction), as well as
the cerebrovascular disease (stroke). The anti-hypertension treatment has been shown to reduce the myocardial infarction risk by

Helicobacter Pylori and Gastric Cancer

Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that is found in the stomach and duodenum mucosa. It is spiral-shaped, which is why it is able to survive in strongly acid environments. After being ingested, the bacteria penetrates in the stomach mucosa and starts secreting ureases. Due to this enzyme, it is able to survive in the acid environment, producing ammonia through the hydrolysis of urea.

Facts on Fainting

Fainting ranks amongst the most frequent emergency unit presentation causes, in all age categories. In medical terms, fainting is called Lipothymy. It is defined as “the sudden and transitory loss of consciousness” and it is associated to a number of medical conditions. Unlike lipothymy, syncope is a more severe condition that supposes, in addition to the temporary loss of consciousness, the loss of muscle tonus, i.e., when a person “passes out”. According to the studies, approximately a quarter of the population had a syncope or lipothymy episode during their lives.